All marine mammals (such as Hawaiian monk seals, dolphins and whales) and sea turtles in Hawaiian waters are protected either under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) or the Endangered Species Act (ESA), or both.  The MMPA and the ESA prohibit any “taking” of marine mammals or endangered species in the U.S. Under these laws a “take” is defined as the hunting, harassment, capture, harm, pursuit, shooting, wounding, killing, trapping, capture, collection, or an attempt to do any of these things.

Hawaii’s seabirds are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) which prohibits the catching, possession, injuring, killing and other actions impacting seabirds, their eggs or body parts, or attempting to do any of these things.

Extinctions are currently occurring at a rate that is unprecedented in human history. Each plant, animal, and their physical environment is part of an ecosystem and part of a much more complex web of life. Because of this, the extinction of a single species may cause a series of negative events to occur that affect many other species, ultimately including humans.

Species diversity is part of the natural legacy we leave for future generations and those that come after us deserve the opportunity to enjoy the same natural world we experience.

People cause the problems in the current health of our environment. But people can also positively affect changes in our ecosystems and help protected species sustain and recover by learning about the issues and changing behaviors.

Get involved and help us in our important work in the preservation, recovery and stewardship of Hawaii’s protected marine species.

Protected marine mammals covered under the Endangered Species Act include: Hawaiian monk seals, blue whale, fin whale, false killer whale, humpback whale, north Pacific right whale, sei whale and sperm whale.

Other animals protected under the Endangered Species Act include: Green turtle, hawksbill turtle, leatherback turtle, loggerhead turtle and olive Ridley turtle.

Hawaii makes up less than 0.2% of U.S. land, but over 25% of species found on the nation’s endangered species list are endemic to Hawaii, earning it the rather unflattering title of “the endangered species capital of the world.”

You Can Help Protected Marine Animals

Hawaii Marine Animal Response (HMAR) focuses its efforts on the protected marine species in Hawaii that are most likely to be encountered by humans due to their natural behaviors and habitat. These species include the Hawaiian monk seal, the green sea turtle, the hawksbill sea turtle, seabirds, the spinner dolphin and the humpback whale.


Hawaiian Monk Seals

Of all marine mammals, the Hawaiian monk seal (ilio holo ika ua ua) is the most endangered in the pinniped family (seals, sea lions and walrus) in the western hemisphere and is listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

Hawaii’s Sea Turtles

The Green Sea turtle (honu) is categorized as threatened under the Endangered Species Act while the Hawksbill turtle (‘ea or honu ‘ea) is categorized as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

Spinner Dolphins

The Spinner dolphin (nai’a or ka nai’a) and Humpback whale (koholā or koholā kuapi’o) are not currently listed under the Endangered Species Act but are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

Humpback Whale

The Spinner dolphin (nai’a or ka nai’a) and Humpback whale (koholā or koholā kuapi’o) are not currently listed under the Endangered Species Act but are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

Hawaii's Seabirds

Hawaii’s seabirds travel widely throughout the Pacific and are therefore very important sentinel species. Like “canaries in a coal mine," seabirds can help us understand ecosystem changes that not only affect the birds themselves but pose serious risks to humans.